MultiClusters API Client

List of methods

Assign or Move userID

Assign or Move a userID to a cluster.

Get top userID

Get userIDs with the highest number of records per cluster.

Get userID

Returns the userID data stored in the mapping.

List clusters

List the clusters available in a multi-clusters setup for a single appID.

List userIDs

List the userIDs assigned to a multi-clusters appID.

Remove userID

Remove a userID and its associated data from the multi-clusters.

Search userID

Search for userIDs.

A Brief Technical Overview

How to split the data (Logical Split)

The data is split logically. We decided not to go with a hash-based split, which requires the aggregation of answers from multiple servers and adds network latency to the response time. Normally, the data will be user-partitioned - split according to a user-id.

Uses a single appID

If we were to follow the logic of using one appID per cluster, multi-clusters would require many appIDs. However, this would be difficult to manage, especially when moving data from one cluster to another in order to balance the load. Our API therefore relies on a single appID: the engine routes requests to a specific destination cluster, using a new HTTP header, X-ALGOLIA-USER-ID, and a mapping that associates a userID to a cluster.

What MCM doesn’t do

As mentioned, the data is broken up logically. The split is done in such a way that requires only one server to perform a complete search. This API doesn’t aggregate the response from multiple clusters. We designed the multi-clusters feature in order to stay fast even with a lot of clusters in multiple regions.

Shared configuration

With MCM, all the settings, rules, synonyms and api keys operations are replicated on all the machine in order to have the same configuration inside the clusters. Only the records stored in the index are different between two clusters.

Shared data

For some use cases, there are two types of data:

  • Public data
  • Private user data

The public data can be searched at the same time as private user data. With MCM, it’s possible to create public records with the multi-clusters using the special userID value * in order to replicate the record on all the clusters and make it available for search. We show this in our Public / Private data tutorial.


The objectIDs need to be unique from the userIDs to avoid a record of one userID to override the record of another userID. The objectID needs to be unique also because of the shared data which can be retrieved at the same time as the data of one specific customer. We recommend appending to the objectID, the userID of the specific user to be sure the objectID is unique.

Number of indices

MCM is design to work on a small number of indices (< 100). This limitation is mainly here to preserve the performance of the user migration. To migrate a user from one cluster to another, the engine needs to enumerate all the records of this specific user in order to send it to the destination cluster and so loop on all the indices, the cost of the operation is directly linked to the number of indices.

A small number of indices also allow the engine to optimize more the indexing operations by batching the operation of one index together.

Check out our Tutorial

Perhaps the best way to understand the MultiClusters API is to check out our [MCM tutorial], where explain, with code samples, the most important endpoints.

Limitation v0.1

For v0.1, the assignment of users to clusters won’t be automatic: if a user is not properly assigned, or not found, the call will be rejected.

As you will notice, the documentation is actually using the REST API endpoints directly. We will soon be rolling out our API clients methods.

How to get the feature

MCM needs to be enabled on your cluster. You can contact for more information.

MultiCluster usage

With a multi-cluster setup, the userID needs to be specified for each of the following methods:

Each of these methods allows you to pass any extra header to the request. We’ll make use of the X-Algolia-User-ID header.

Here is an example of the search method, but the principle is the same for all the methods listed above:

$index = $client->initIndex('your_index_name');

$searchParameters = [];
$extraHeaders = [
  'X-Algolia-User-ID' => 'user123'

$res = $index->search('query string', $searchParameters, $extraHeaders);
index ="contacts")

search_parameters = []
extra_headers = {
  'X-Algolia-User-ID': 'user123'

res ="query string", search_parameters, extra_headers)
const index = client.initIndex('your_index_name');

client.setExtraHeader('X-Algolia-User-ID', 'user123');{ query: 'query string' }, function(err, content) {
  if (err) throw err;
  // content is the result
index = client.init_index('your_index')

search_parameters = {}
request_options = RequestOptions({'algoliaUserID': 'user123'})

res ='query string', search_parameters, request_options=request_options)
let index = client.index(withName: "your_index_name")
let requestOptions = RequestOptions()
requestOptions.headers["X-Algolia-User-ID"] = "user123" "s"), requestOptions: requestOptions, completionHandler: { (content, error) -> Void in
    if error == nil {
        print("Result: \(content!)")
index.searchAsync(new Query("query string"),
        new RequestOptions().setHeader("X-Algolia-User-ID", ""), new CompletionHandler() {
          @Override public void requestCompleted(JSONObject content, AlgoliaException error) {
          // [...]
Index index = client.InitIndex("contacts");
RequestOptions requestOptions = new RequestOptions();
requestOptions.AddExtraHeader("X-Algolia-User-ID", "user123");
Console.WriteLine(index.Search(new Query("query string"), requestOptions: requestOptions));
//Sync version
Index<Contact> index = client.initIndex("your_index_name", Contact.class);
SearchResult<Contact> search = Query("query string"), new RequestOptions().addExtraHeader("X-Algolia-User-ID", "user123"));

//Async version
AsyncIndex<Contact> index = client.initIndex("your_index_name", Contact.class);
CompletableFuture<SearchResult<Contact>> search = Query("query string"), new RequestOptions().addExtraHeader("X-Algolia-User-ID", "user123"));
index := client.InitIndex("your_index_name")

client.SetExtraHeader("X-Algolia-User-ID", "user123")
res, err := index.Search("query string", nil)
client.execute {
  search into "your_index_name" query Query(
      query = Some("query string")
  ) options RequestOptions(extraHeaders = Some(Map("X-Algolia-User-ID" => "user123")))

You can find an example of how to pass extra headers for the other methods in their respective documentation.