Click and Conversion Analytics
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Click and Conversion Analytics takes Algolia’s out-of-the-box Search Analytics further by providing insights into actions users take after performing a search. Click and Conversion Analytics also form the basis for more advanced features like A/B testing, Dynamic Re-Ranking, and Personalization.
By default, Algolia doesn’t track what happens after returning search results. It doesn’t know what you do with the results, nor what your users do with them. For Algolia to calculate Click and Conversion Analytics, you need to send information in the form of events whenever your users click on search results or take meaningful actions like bookmarking, sharing, or purchasing items.
You can also send click and conversion information for actions your users take outside of the search context. These won’t contribute to metrics like CTR or average click position, but Algolia can use them for Personalization.
Click and Conversion Analytics let you measure the quality of your search relevance. For example, you can see which queries have consistently high CTR or conversion rates and which items your users think should be higher in the ranking. You can use this information to tweak your relevance settings to push these items higher in the search results. The Dynamic Re-Ranking feature uses AI to promote items automatically based on your CTR and conversion rates.
What are click and conversion events?
Whenever a user clicks on a search result or clicks on items that reveal their affinities, you can send Algolia a click event. If they go on to add a search result to their shopping cart or purchase that item, you can send Algolia a conversion event. You define what your conversion events are, whether purchasing an item, reading an article, listening to a podcast, or something else.
You send events by adding small bits of code to your application. For more information on which events to collect and what information to include in an event, read the guide on capturing user behavior as events.
Click and Conversion Analytics correspond to user actions and the corresponding events after an Algolia search. The A/B testing and Dynamic Re-Ranking use these analytics. As previously mentioned, however, click and conversion events can be used for more than Click and Conversion Analytics.
Click and conversion events outside of the search context are useful for Personalization purposes. Even if you aren’t planning on implementing Personalization immediately, it’s best to consider sending events for the eventual possibility that you will. That way you won’t have reformat your events for Personalization, potentially losing out on previously gathered data.
Implementing Click and Conversion Analytics is a two-step process.
- Plan which user actions to gather.
- Capture user actions by sending events.
Before sending events, you should first plan which user actions to gather. Once you’ve made a plan, you can send events to Algolia using the front-end libraries and API clients. A REST API, called the Insights API, lies beneath these clients and has a single endpoint. For this reason, Algolia sometimes refer to these events as “Insights events”. Because different event types require specific information, it’s best to use the InstantSearch libraries or API clients, which provide distinct methods for sending different event types.
Once you’ve sent events, you can validate that you are capturing all the necessary information using the Insights Validator and Insights Logs.
Insights events (view, click, and conversion) don’t take immediate effect. The delay can range from a few minutes to an hour, depending on whether they are sent after a search or not, and how long after a search they are sent. For precise timeframes, see our page on when Insights events take effect.
Using Click and Conversion Analytics
You can access Click and Conversion Analytics either in the Algolia dashboard or programmatically via the Analytics REST API. To give a preview of how these metrics can help, consider these three queries that use different words to convey the same intent—to find an eco-friendly refrigerator.
Suppose the click-through-rate for the three queries are as follows:
- “refrigerator efficient” - 50% CTR
- “eco refrigerator” - 10% CTR
- “refrigerator saves energy” - no results, therefore 0% CTR
Using this information, you could take the following actions:
- Add synonyms between “eco refrigerator” and “refrigerator efficient”.
- Creating a 3-way synonym with “eco” and “efficient” and “saves energy”
- Index additional information to your products to use these words in all your records.
- Create a filter or a category for “eco-friendly”.
- Use the word “efficient” more often in your product descriptions, or promote products that describe themselves as “efficient”, since your users seem to prefer the word “efficient” over the word “eco” (50% vs 10%).
Suppose after making one or more of the previous changes, the converstion-rate for the three queries are as follows:
- “refrigerator efficient” - 10% conversion rate
- “eco refrigerator” - 5% conversion rate
- “refrigerator saves energy” - 5% conversion rate
These are some insights you can glean:
- You can see that including these terms in the indexed data was a good move because they all convert.
- Given the higher conversion rate on the “efficient” query, it seems to be the preferred term.
- If you see lower click or conversion rates than you would expect, it could be that none of your refrigerators are eco-friendly. If this is a popular search, you might want to consider adding these items to your product line.
- If you don’t have enough of your highest converting items in your inventory, you might want to improve your stocks.